Plantations for bears
The FOP has spent several years acquiring farms mainly abandoned pastures and meadows, the most important breeding area of the Cantabrian West.
The intention of the plantations is to create a network of strategically placed power points on the slopes most visited by bears and especially for female bears with cubs . The farms are mainly planted with cherry trees , and to a lesser extent chestnut, hazel , oak , wild apple and pear trees are planted. The cherries are eaten by bears in June and July , just as in the mountains of certain food shortages in energy, and bears like while not hesitate to eat cherry trees in nearby mountain villages.
Farms , usually ” feral ” , have an important preparatory work to carry out the action of planting , very similar in all cases:
Farms are primarily scuffed the criteria for clearing what is necessary , choosing to respect as far as possible the existing vegetation with two objectives: to decrease the most of the landscape impact of the performance and facilitate the protection of plants naturally with vegetation and present. The clearings are carried out manually always avoiding the use of heavy machinery. In those places of livestock presence with smooth wire seals are placed or drawing on traditional stone walls. Finally , the plantations are performed by manual hole digging , and all plants , 1-2 saps , take individual protectors that protect the plant against trampling and biting cattle and deer abound in these mountains.
Planting work is usually performed with local cooperatives, helping to maintain local employment, and volunteering.
Plantations holding the FOP have received financial support Acciona, la Fundación Banco Santander, Gas Natural Fenosa, la Fundación ACS, la Fundación Biodiversidad, el Gobierno de Cantabria y la Unión Europea.